Building A Deck: The Architecture


Building a deck is a process that involves both art and science. You won’t become an expert deck builder by simply reading the instructions. If the deck is not flattened or does not contain strong materials to make it intact, then it will be more than challenging to assure the safety of the clients. There are constructive processes through which one must understand how to build a deck properly. It is always optional to get a quote from the experts; building the deck yourself will save you costs and any confusion regarding the deck’s building. Therefore it is time to understand the whole process of deck building.

building a deck

How To Construct Deck Like A Pro?

In order to construct a deck, the following components must be installed:

  • Beam Span
  • Ledger Board
  • Handrail Post Blocking
  • Joist Span
  • Notched Post
  • Picture Frame Blocking
  • Deck Joist Tape
  • Joist Blocking
  • Rim Joist
  • Drop Beam
  • Blocking Overdrop Beam

Now the steps to build a pro deck include the following:

1. Sketch Your Plan:

The estimated proportion and shape of the deck you want to build should be carefully drawn and outlined on paper. Sketch out all the measurements of the deck shape and sizes so that it will be easy to understand which part to include and where that is; landmarking the places will be smooth. It is better to use graph paper to sketch the plan.

2. Do Not Overhang It:

After you are done with finalizing the deck measurement reduce all the sides of the deck by 1-½ inches. Then it will be convenient for framing the deck properly, and the skit covers should be ½ inch each.

3. Fix The Hangers Properly:

Connecting the joist hanger is tricky because they take in maximum loads. The size of the joists and hangers must be the same; for example, if the hanger size is 2*12, so must the joist. The hangers should be made of stainless steel and must be corrosion free.

4. Dig Your Foot!

The placement of the footings must be perfect because if they are misplaced, then the deck building will be a disaster. A mason line can be used to keep the boards perpendicular to the house location. The footings need to be adequately marked, and a guide can be used. The minimum depth of 12 footings should be approximately 48 inches.

5. Ledger Flash:

The critical step in deck building is connecting it to the house, which ledger boards can do. The ledger board acts as a support and protective shield from any corrosive or harmful materials. If the boards are layered and flashed correctly, they will be long-lasting. To connect the ledger, use joist tape on all sides and cap it with an aluminum drip cap and tar paper.

6. Attach Ledger And Build Beams:

The fasteners attach the ledger with structural screws alongside the beams, laminated through lumber glue to make it intact.

7. Other Steps:

The joist should be installed with a size matching the size of the deck areas and providing integrity below the deck. A ½ bolt connects the beam, then correctly installs the rim joist. After the composite decking installation, use the modern cable to give them a final fix, and a guideline can be used on how to set up the cables.


If you are a DIY enthusiast and wish to try deck building by yourself then it is essential to understand the steps provided above. This thorough process will always help build a strong deck, and you can ask an expert deck builder MN for a better understanding.


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